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IV LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

The Astronomical Observatory of Honduras: A Project of Permanent International Cooperation: M.C.P. de Carias

 
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Suyapa Astronomical Observatory, inaugurated on 18 June 1997 at the Seventh UN/ESA Workshop on Basic Space Science in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, shortly after Hurrican Mitch 1998. The widely read newspaper La Prensa informs Central America that the telescope facility survived the hurricane (Courtesy of M.C.P. de Carias).
 

A Research Program to Map the Galactic Emission at Low Frequencies: G. De Amici, S. Torres, M. Bensadoun, M. Bersanelli, M. Limon, G. Smoot, T. Villela, C. Witebsky

 
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Frequency dependence of the antenna temperature of the galactic emisson; the synchrotron emission has been scaled with a power law slowly varying from -2.75 to -3.2; the HII with a -2.1 power law; the dust component with a 1.5 power law. Typical values of intensity inside and outside of the galactic plane are shown for the synchrotron and HII components. The signal from the dust component away from the galactic plane falls outside the temperature scale shown here.
 
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The radio emission of the galaxy at 408 MHz.
 
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Several different sites, disseminated from the north to the south, will be needed to cover the whole celestial sphere. A few potential sites have been identified in this figure, together with the part of the sky that is observable by an instrument tilted to no more than 30 degrees from zenith. An overview of the sites distribution along the N-S direction: an arctic site (70 degrees N), White Mountain (California, 38 degrees N), bogota (Colombia, 4 degrees N), Porto Alegre (Brazil, 30 degrees S), Terra Nova Bay (Antartica, 75 degrees S).
 

A Centre of Astronomy for Paraquay: A Quest for a Moderate-Sized Telescope: A.E. Troche Boggino

 
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Location of the Observatory at National University of Asuncion, Campus at San Lorenzo, Paraguay, 1998, before groundbraking (Courtesy of A.E. Troche Boggino).
 
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Selecting the precise location of the National Observatory; right to left: A. Bernal, M. Kitamura, Y. Fujii, and tow officers from Facultad Politecnica (Courtesy of A.E. Troche Boggino).
 
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The growing building of the Astronomical Observatory at National University at Asuncion, 1999 (Courtesy of A.E. Troche Boggino).
 
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Astronomical Observatory at National University at Asuncion, 2000 (Courtesy of A.E. Troche Boggino).
 

Progress With the Uruguayan Automated and Robotic Telescope: R.G. Freire Ferrero and A. Alzogaray Hernandez

 
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Astronomy at the Universidad de Sonora: A. Sanchez-Ibarra

 
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Space Sciences in Latin America: Status and Opportunities: S. Torres

 
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The parabolic reflector antenna of the Galactic Emission Mapping (GEM) Project in Columbia; S. Torres (Courtesy of S. Torres).